“Practice does make permanent, thereby aiding in the retention of learning. Consequently, we want to ensure that students practice the new learning correctly from the beginning…If they unknowingly practice the skill incorrectly, they will learn the incorrect method well! This will present serious problems for both the teacher and learner later on because it is very difficult to change a skill that has been practiced and remembered, even if it is not correct. If a learner practices a skill incorrectly but well, unlearning and relearning that skill correctly is very difficult. The degree to which the unlearning and relearning processes are successful will depend on the:
1) Age of the learner (i.e., the younger, the easier to relearn),
2) Length of time the skill has been practiced incorrectly (i.e., the longer, the more difficult to change),
3) Degree of motivation to relearn (i.e., the greater the desire for change, the more effort that will be used to bring about change).” -From, “How The Brain Learns,” By: David A. Sousa
“For practice to improve performance, four conditions must be met (Hunter, 204):
1) The learner must be sufficiently motivated to want to improve performance.
2) The learner must have all the knowledge necessary to understand the different ways that the new knowledge or skill can be applied.
3) The learner must understand how to apply the knowledge to deal with a particular situation.
4) The learner must be able to analyze the results of that application and know what needs to be changed to improve performance in the future.
Teachers help learners meet these conditions when they do the following:
1) Start by selecting the smallest amount of material that will have maximum meaning for the learner.
2) Model the application process step-by-step. Studies show that the brain also uses observation as a means for determining the spatial learning needed to master a motor skill.
3) Insist that the practice occur in their presence over a short period of time while the student is focused on the learning.
4) Watch the practice and provide the students with prompt and specific feedback on what variable needs to be altered to correct and enhance performance. Feedback seems to be particularly important during the learning of complex motor skills.” -From, “How The Brain Learns,” By: David A. Sousa
“Practice refers to learners repeating a skill over time. It begins with the rehearsal of the new skill in working memory, the motor cortex, and the cerebellum. Later, the skill memory is recalled and additional practice follows. The quality of practice and the learner’s knowledge base will largely determine the outcome of each practice session.
Over the long term, repeated practice causes the brain to assign extra neurons to the task, much as a computer assigns more memory for a complex program. The assignment of these additional neurons is more or less on a permanent basis. Professional keyboard and string musicians, for example, have larger portions of the motor cortex devoted to controlling finger and hand movements. Furthermore, the earlier their training started, the bigger the motor cortex. If practice is stopped altogether, the neurons that are no longer being used are eventually assigned to other tasks and skill mastery will decline. In other words, use it or lose it!” -From, “How The Brain Learns,” By: David A. Sousa
This is a jury charge practice at 180 and 200. I found this great video on You Tube created by user name, Moss4ACI. It includes some useful briefs at the beginning of the video as well as briefs and phrases further along in the video. It also includes a great read back of the material that includes proper punctuation.
Astigmatism is characterized by blurred or distorted vision. According to Wikipedia, it is “the inability of the optics of the eye to focus a point object into a sharp focused image on the retina.”
Option #1: astigmatism= A/STIG/MA/TIFM
Option #2: astigmatism= A/STIG/TIFM
Option #3: astigmatism= A/STIG/MAFMT
Option #4: astigmatism= A/STIG/MAFM
My favorite part was the eagle pose.
For a few years, I would sit at my machine for HOURS at a time writing, in a quest to master steno. After doing some research, I’ve started to make sure that I take a break every couple of hours and do some exercises. A sedentary lifestyle can be harmful to your health. Be sure to take breaks and take care of yourself. We are such perfectionists. We often focus on the job at hand, and forget about tending to ourselves. Remember, you are at your most effective when your health is at its best. TAKE CARE OF YOU!
assault with a deadly weapon= SDWEP
digestive system= DFJS
digestive tract= DRAKT
déjà vu= DAIFJ
video game= VAOG
video games= VAOGS
gas station= GAIGS
police station= PLAIGS
radio station= RAOGS
train station= TRAIGS
subway station= SBAIGS
vantage point= VAPT
vehicular homicide= VAOEKDZ
vehicular manslaughter= VAOEMTS